A hysteroscopy is a way for your doctor to look at the lining of your uterus. He or she uses a thin viewing tool called a hysteroscope. The tip of the hysteroscope is put into your vagina and gently moved through the cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope has a light and camera hooked to it so your doctor can see the linin on a video screen.
Why It Is Done
- A hysteroscopy may be done to:
- See whether a problem in the shape or size of the uterus or if scar tissue in the uterus is the cause of infertility.
- Find the cause of severe cramping or abnormal bleeding.
- Find the possible cause of repeated miscarriages. Other tests may also be done.
- Find and remove small fibroids or polyps.
- Check for endometrial cancer.
It is best to have a hysteroscopy done when you are not having your menstrual period. If there is a chance that you could become pregnant, the hysteroscopy should be done before you are ovulating so your doctor is sure you are not pregnant. The best time to perform this procedure is within 7 days after your period ends. If you are actively bleeding 2 days before the procedure, please call your doctor to reschedule your appointment. Hysteroscopy is best performed during the first week after your period (day 5-12 of cycle).
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to have the hysteroscopy or why the results may not be helpful include:
- Having your menstrual period. Your doctor will not be able to see the lining clearly.
- Being pregnant. A hysteroscopy will not be done if you are pregnant because of the risk to your developing baby (fetus).
- If a vaginal or cervical infection is present.
But it is best to have a hysteroscopy when you are not having your menstrual period. If you are past menopause, a hysteroscopy can be done anytime.