Most ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms and go away on their own. Ovarian Cysts can be found during a routine physical exam. They also may be seen as an incidental finding on an ultrasound performed for other reasons. However, symptoms can be present, especially with large cysts or ruptured cysts.
Complicated ovarian cyst signs and symptoms
If a cyst does cause symptoms, you may have pressure, bloating, swelling, or pain in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst. This pain may be sharp or dull and may come and go.
Torsion – the stem of an ovary can become twisted if the cyst is growing on the stem, blocking the blood supply to the cyst and causing severe pain in the lower abdomen
Bursting – if the ovarian cyst bursts, the patient will experience severe pain in the lower abdomen. If the cyst is infected pain will be worse. There may also be bleeding
Sometimes a cyst may need emergency attention. See your doctor right away if you have Sudden, severe belly pain, Pain with fever and throwing up, Dizziness, weakness, feeling faint, Fast breathing. These signs could mean your cyst has caused the ovary to twist.
Less common symptoms include:
- pelvic pain – this can range from a dull, heavy sensation to a sudden, severe and sharp pain
- pain during sex
- difficulty emptying your bowels
- Irregular menstruation – periods may also become painful, heavier or lighter than normal
- Vaginal pain or spotty bleeding from the vagina
- A feeling of lower abdominal or pelvic pressure or fullness
- Chronic pelvic pain or low back painthroughout the menstrual cycle
- Pelvic pain following exercise or vigorous activity
- Feeling full early when eating
- Problems with the control of urination
- Pressure on the rectum or bladder – the patient may have to go to the toilet more often, either to urinate or pass a stool