There are numerous conditions that can contribute to infertility in women. The signs and symptoms of each can vary greatly. Common symptoms of infertility include the following.
The average woman’s cycle is 28 days long. But anything within a few days of that can be considered normal, as long as those cycles are consistent.
But a woman whose cycles vary so greatly that she can’t even begin to estimate when her period might arrive is experiencing irregular periods. This can be related to hormone issues, or to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Both of these can contribute to infertility.
Painful or heavy periods
Most women experience cramps with their periods. But painful periods that interfere with your daily life may be a symptom of endometriosis.
It’s not uncommon for women to have an off month here and there. Factors like stress or heavy workouts can cause your period to temporarily disappear. But if you haven’t had a period in months, it’s time to get your fertility checked.
Symptoms of hormone fluctuations
Signs of hormone fluctuations in women could indicate potential issues with fertility. Talk to your doctor if you experience the following:
- skin issues
- reduced sex drive
- Loss of hair or excess body hair
Excess hair on your body or face could be a result of PCOS. Thinning or loss of hair on your head could be caused by thyroid dysfunction. To the contrary, one or both of these issues could signify infertility.
- weight gain or loss
When you are gaining or losing weight for no clear reason, and there have been no significant changes to your diet or exercise, there is a chance it’s a result of infertility. On the other hand, for some women unexpected weight gain could be caused by PCOS.
Pain during sex
Some women have experienced painful sex their entire lives, so they’ve convinced themselves it’s normal. But it’s not. It could be related to hormone issues, to endometriosis, or to other underlying conditions that could also be contributing to infertility.