What are the most common symptoms of cervical cancer?

When cells in the cervix become abnormal and multiply rapidly, cervical cancer can develop. Cervical cancer can be life-threatening if it goes undetected or untreated.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer doesn’t usually cause symptoms until it’s in advanced stages. Also, women may think the symptoms are related to something else, such as their menstrual cycle, a yeast infection, or a urinary tract infection. Examples of symptoms associated with cervical cancer include:

  • Abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding between menstrual periods, after sex, after a pelvic exam, or after menopause.
  • Menstrual bleeding that is longer and heavier than usual.
  • Discharge that’s unusual in amount, color, consistency, or smell. The discharge may be: White, clear, watery, brown, foul smelling, tinged with blood.
  • Pain in the lower belly or pelvis.
  • Pain during sex.
  • Having to go to urinate more frequently
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during sex

Any of these symptoms should be reported to your doctor. If these symptoms appear, it is important to talk with your doctor about them even if they appear to be symptoms of other, less serious conditions.

Advanced symptoms

While bleeding and discharge may be early signs of cervical cancer, more severe symptoms will develop in later stages. Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer can include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back or pelvic pain
  • Swelling of one or both legs
  • Difficulty urinating or defecating
  • HPV (human papillomavirus)
  • Smoking
  • A weakened immune system
  • Long-term mental stress
  • Giving birth at a very young age
  • Several pregnancies
  • Contraceptive pill
  • Other sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  • Mother’s use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy

Causes of cervical cancer

  • HPV (human papillomavirus)
  • Smoking
  • A weakened immune system
  • Long-term mental stress
  • Giving birth at a very young age
  • Several pregnancies
  • Contraceptive pill
  • Other sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  • Mother’s use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy

Reference:

https://www.prevention.com/health/6-sneaky-signs-of-cervical-cancer

https://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-cancer symptoms#overview1

http://www.cancercenter.com/cervical-cancer/symptoms/