Ovarian Cyst Removal Laparoscopic Surgery


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What is ovarian cyst?

Each month during your menstrual cycle, a follicle grows on your ovary. A follicle is where an egg is developing. Most months, an egg is released from this follicle. This is called ovulation. If the follicle fails to break open and release an egg, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst. This is called a follicular cyst.
Another type of cyst occurs after an egg has been released from a follicle. This is called a corpus luteum cyst. Such cysts often contain a small amount of blood.
Ovarian cysts are more common from puberty to menopause. This period of time is known as the childbearing years. Ovarian cysts are less common after menopause. Many of the cysts usually do not need treatment, as they normally go away on their own within a few months.


Most common types of cysts
  • Dermoid cysts: Dermoid cysts tend to occur in younger women. These cysts can grow quite large – up to 15 cm across. These cysts often contain odd contents such as hair, parts of teeth or bone, fatty tissue, etc.
  • Cystadenomas: These develop from cells which cover the outer part of the ovary. These types of cysts are often attached to an ovary by a stalk rather than growing within the ovary itself.
  • Endometriomas: Many women who have endometriosis develop one or more cysts on their ovaries. Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial tissue (the tissue that lines the uterus) is found outside the uterus. It sometimes forms cysts which fill with blood.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Polycystic means many cysts. If you have PCOS you develop many tiny benign cysts in your ovaries. The cysts develop due to a problem with ovulation, caused by a hormonal imbalance. PCOS is associated with period problems, reduced fertility, hair growth, obesity, and acne.
Causes of ovarian cysts
Laparoscopic ovarian cysts surgery